GERMANY • Established in 1951 as a society for the promotion of research in the graphics arts industry, the objective of Fogra Forschungsinstitut für Medientechnologien e.V. (Research Institute for Media Technologies) is to promote print engineering and its technologies in the fields of research and development, and to enable the printing industry to utilize the results of this activity. To this end the association maintains its own institute near Munich, with about 50 staff members including engineers, chemists and physicists. Fogra has about 800 members, with a third of them are based outside Germany and about two third are from graphic art businesses.
Fogra has technical committees dealing with the topics prepress, conventional and digital printing processes, postpress, functional products & identity cards. The institute transfers knowledge through a variety of publications, talks, consultancy and training activities and symposia. The literature database of Fogra is another important tool.
The Technical Committees, responsible for various specialist topics, are a central part of Fogra. In these committees, specialists from printing businesses, and Fogra staff, define industry problems which are to be studied. The progress and results of work are also discussed at the Committee meetings. Thus the Committees fulfil a creative and a monitoring function. At the same time they characterise the work style of a collective research institute which meets the needs of the printing industry.
The current budget is approximately EUR 5 million. About 20 % of this is made up of membership fees. Research grants mainly from the Federal German Government and the state of Bavaria account for roughly 30% of the expanses. About 40 % of the revenues are generated from other Fogra activities. These consist of technical reports, contract research, the sale of quality control devices, vocational training, and a literature database. The remaining revenues are made up of donations and other receipts.